Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars that grow on the back of your gums. Most people have four wisdom teeth, one in each corner, but it is likely to have fewer or more. They are the last teeth to come through – usually between the ages of 16 and 25.
By this time, the other teeth are already grown in place, thus giving very little room for a wisdom tooth to come out properly. Due to lack of space, they are misaligned or appear partially. This situation can crowd or damage adjacent teeth, the jawbone and nerves. Thus it is recommended to undergo wisdom tooth extraction before it is too late.
Impacted wisdom teeth
Impacted wisdom teeth are such that emerge at an angle or get stuck and emerge partially. Depending on the way they grow, they are divided into four types
- Vertical impaction
- Horizontal impaction
- Mesial impaction
- Distal impaction
How wisdom teeth are extracted?
During the first consultation, your professional dentist will take X-rays of your wisdom teeth to get an idea about the positioning and length of the eruption. Depending on your condition, he would then recommend medication and proper treatment. Wisdom tooth extraction process starts after giving local anaesthesia to the patient. It will numb the area and your oral surgeon will be able to remove the teeth without pain.
He first opens the gum tissue over the tooth and looks out for any bone covering the tooth. If there is, it is important to get it out. The next step is to separate the tissue connecting the tooth to the bone and then wisdom tooth is removed. If it is difficult to eradicate the entire tooth, the dentist may even cut into pieces so that the process becomes simpler and easier. Once the tooth is removed successfully, stitching is performed.