Although these figures are the undeniable result of the drop in infant mortality, increased life expectancy and advances in fertility treatments, the fact that this population growth is so rapid could lead to serious problems. Therefore, rapid population growth may lead to resources being insufficient to meet the requirements of the world's inhabitants.
Many authors and writes talk about how population is a threat to the Earth. In The Message: A Novel About Overpopulation, the author deals with the very real issue that governments, and people in general, seem reluctant to discuss… the increasing problem of overpopulation!
Some measures that could be taken to control population growth according to the United Nations and other public and private entities are:
Gender equality should be a central theme of social, economic or environmental interventions carried out by governments, companies and civil society. This is the only way to allow women to manage their lives in an autonomous manner and to decide for themselves whether they want to continue studying, enter the labor market, form a family or have children.
- Universal access to quality education
Although the topics may not appear to be related, controlling the population involves enjoying a good education. It is a fact that keeping girls in school makes them less likely to have children at a young age and, therefore, reduces the number of maternal deaths.
Family planning programs
Good family planning education programs and the implementation of family planning programs that enable access to contraception, reduces the number of unwanted children and, therefore, improves the lives of members of the family unit, allowing them to optimize their resources and avoid situations of poverty, hunger or disease.
Establishing programs that prevent indigenous peoples from having to leave their homes for work reasons or as a means of survival or due to armed conflicts, enables a more sustainable use of resources, prevents resource depletion and improves the lives of communities, from the moment it prevents families from being separated, alienation and depopulation.